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Henry Ford – Lean Manufacturing

Henry Ford hated waste. His ambition was to produce the most efficient production line for making his Model T cars. He thought about the process flow; beginning with raw materials and finishing with a happy customer driving a new car.

In Michigan, USA in 1913, Henry Ford created a moving, assembly line to produce cars. Every worker had a different job and the cars moved through the factory past each workstation. Mr. Ford had an office on the second floor so he could watch the whole line. If he saw that a part of the line was too slow or workers had to move too quickly, he would change the system until it was more efficient.

His techniques included standardisation, paying good wages and reducing waste. Henry Ford is considered the “Father of Lean Manufacturing”.

Toyota is the largest car manufacturer in the world today, and the Toyota Production System (TPS) is based on the original ideas of Henry Ford.

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Esercizio di comprensione del testo:

Domanda 1:
What did Henry Ford hate?
a Toyota
b Cars
c Waste
d Production
Domanda 2:
What type of car did Henry make?
a Model A
b Toyota Yaris
c Model T
d Volkswagen Beetle
Domanda 3:
Who is the largest car manufacturer today?
b Volkswagen
c Ford
d Toyota
Domanda 4:
Where was the first Ford Assembly Line?
a Tokyo
b New York
c London
d Michigan
Domanda 5:
What was the last step in Henry Ford’s process?
a Raw materials
b His office
c A workstation
d A happy customer
Domanda 6:
What did Henry Ford do?
a Make Toyota cars
b Invent an efficient manufacturing system
c Pay his workers poorly
d Offer a large range of different cars
Domanda 7:
Where was Henry Ford’s office?
a At a workstation
b In his car
c In New York
d On the second floor
Domanda 8:
Why is Henry Ford considered the father of Lean Manufacturing?
a He created Toyota
b He created an efficient system
c He had children
d He was kind to his workers
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