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Henry Ford – Lean Manufacturing

Henry Ford hated waste. His ambition was to produce the most efficient production line for making his Model T cars. He thought about the process flow; beginning with raw materials and finishing with a happy customer driving a new car.

In Michigan, USA in 1913, Henry Ford created a moving, assembly line to produce cars. Every worker had a different job and the cars moved through the factory past each workstation. Mr. Ford had an office on the second floor so he could watch the whole line. If he saw that a part of the line was too slow or workers had to move too quickly, he would change the system until it was more efficient.

His techniques included standardisation, paying good wages and reducing waste. Henry Ford is considered the “Father of Lean Manufacturing”.

Toyota is the largest car manufacturer in the world today, and the Toyota Production System (TPS) is based on the original ideas of Henry Ford.

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Karenneu
Business Englisch
Robertneu
Englisch (US)

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Dann beantworte die folgenden Fragen zum Text:

Frage 1:
What did Henry Ford hate?
a Waste
b Cars
c Production
d Toyota
Frage 2:
What type of car did Henry make?
a Volkswagen Beetle
b Model T
c Toyota Yaris
d Model A
Frage 3:
Who is the largest car manufacturer today?
a Volkswagen
b Ford
c TPS
d Toyota
Frage 4:
Where was the first Ford Assembly Line?
a Tokyo
b New York
c London
d Michigan
Frage 5:
What was the last step in Henry Ford’s process?
a A workstation
b His office
c Raw materials
d A happy customer
Frage 6:
What did Henry Ford do?
a Pay his workers poorly
b Make Toyota cars
c Invent an efficient manufacturing system
d Offer a large range of different cars
Frage 7:
Where was Henry Ford’s office?
a In New York
b In his car
c At a workstation
d On the second floor
Frage 8:
Why is Henry Ford considered the father of Lean Manufacturing?
a He created an efficient system
b He created Toyota
c He was kind to his workers
d He had children
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